Beneath the Cardamom Mountains or on the banks of the Mekong, Khmer village life goes on pretty much as it always has (give or take the odd iPhone). And when you’re watching a sunrise over Angkor Wat or the ruins of Tha Promh, the modern world feels a long way off. While progress was for years dampened by a tragic history – Cambodia is now a country on the move. With riverside boulevards and art galleries popping up in Phnom Penh, and Siem Reap’s growing reputation for hip cafes and dining, Cambodia tours aren’t all about the temple-gazing.

GEOGRAPHY

Area

Total: 181,035 sq km

Land: 176,515 sq km

Water: 4,520 sq km

Country comparison to the world: 91

Land boundaries

Total: 2,530 km

Border countries (3): Laos 555 km, Thailand 817 km, Vietnam 1,158 km Coastline: 443 km

Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate

Tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); dry season (December to April); little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain

Mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north

Elevation

Mean elevation: 126 m

Lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m

Highest point: Phnum Aoral 1,810 m

Natural resources

Oil and gas, timber, gemstones, iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential, arable land

Land use

Agricultural land: 32.1%

Arable land 22.7%

Forest: 56.5%

Other: 11.4% (2011 est.)

Irrigated land

3,540 sq km (2012)

PEOPLE & SOCIATY

Population

16,204,486 (July 2017 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 68

Ethnic groups

Khmer 97.6%, Cham 1.2%, Chinese 0.1%, Vietnamese 0.1%, other 0.9% (2013 est.)

Languages

Khmer (official) 96.3%, other 3.7% (2008 est.)

Religions

Buddhist (official) 96.9%, Muslim 1.9%, Christian 0.4%, other 0.8% (2008 est.)

Siem Reap At Glance

Mekong River Experience

Vietnam & Cambodia Highlights